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Beginning a Job Search

Exploring Career Paths

There are many reasons why doctoral students and alumni begin to consider careers outside of the traditional tenure-track path. Some begin to feel that the academic path that they were on is no longer the best fit for them. Others find that geographic or family concerns require them to expand the scope of their job search. Others decide that in the face of a tight academic job market, it’s worthwhile to develop a “Plan B” whether or not they put that plan into action. If you have found that your priorities and career goals have changed since the time you started graduate school, you are not alone.

Approach your exploration of expanded career paths as you would any other project. This one will have three elements:

Self Assessment

What is self assessment? Self assessment means taking some time to think about your own definitions of what it means to be happy and successful in a career (and setting aside some of the messages you may have gotten from friends and family, advisers, and peers). What are your interests and values? What are the skills you would like to put into play in your next role? Self assessment can be informal (keeping a journal) or formal (taking a career assessment like the MBTI or the Strong Interest Inventory).


Read everything—books, blogs, professional association websites—you can about the fields that have caught your attention. Learn the lingo. Most importantly, read job postings (see the Directory section for where to find them). Reading job postings in various fields, though it sounds a bit prosaic, can help you to see where your skills are a match for different positions (and identify gaps that you might be able to overcome with some experience).

Try Something New

Not sure if you would like working in a given field? Find a way to try it out. Do an internship or shadow someone for a day. If that seems too bold as a first step, take on a role in your program you’ve never tried. Organize a conference. Volunteer to manage the speaker series. Work on a digital project at the New Media Lab. Get active in the DSC. Trying something new is one of the most important things you can do to get your career moving in different directions.

Job Search Resources

Our job boards and search engines database is a good starting place for finding job openings in various industries.

Additionally, our office provides free access to some important online career resources:

  • The Versatile PhD’s Career Finder provides users with general information about various industry sectors and success stories (including sample job search documents and Q&As) of PhDs who have gone on to work in those fields.
  • Vault’s Industry Guides are great for learning the ins and outs of a given industry, as well as for getting an in-depth perspective on employers in a wide variety of careers.

Additional Resources

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