Subtle Job Scams & How to Avoid Them
If you’re familiar with the most common online scams, job scams can be easy to spot. There are a few common warning signs to look for in any job ad:
- Excessive spelling or grammar errors
- Promises of a large salary, but no mention of any actual job responsibilities
- The phrase “work from home” in the job title
- Promises of a large cash reward in exchange for the use of your bank account to transfer money from abroad
- Being awarded a job without having had an interview
In the last blog entry about fake job posts, we covered some general guidelines for protecting yourself as well as some tips for spotting fake job posts. But as job scams are on the rise and becoming more sophisticated, it’s important to be aware of recurring job scams. Here are a few common ones:
Common Job Scams
Fake check scams
Under federal law, banks have to make the funds you deposit quickly available, even though it can take days or weeks for a check to bounce or for a forgery to be discovered. Be careful! A scammer might send you what appears to be a perfectly legitimate cashier’s check (sometimes even bank tellers have a difficult time being able to tell the difference). The scammer then informs you that you’ve “accidentally” been overpaid and that you should deposit the check and simply wire them back a portion of the amount. When the check later bounces, however, you’ll be held responsible by the bank for any amount you’ve withdrawn.
Never wire money to someone who is supposed to be paying you. “Remember that money only ever flows in one direction: from boss to worker, from employer to employee,” reminds ConsumerAffair’s Jennifer Abel. Abel recommends that if you accept payment by check, you should ask for a check drawn from a bank with a local branch. You can then visit or call the bank to ask if the check is valid.
Direct deposit scams
Scammers request your bank account information, ostensibly to deposit future paychecks. They then withdraw money from your account and are never heard from again. This scam is especially common with work-at-home or telecommunicating jobs, reports Alison Doyle at the Balance Careers.
In another variation, victims are hired for fictitious payroll or human resources positions. The victim is asked to provide his or her bank account information to receive a deposit and then transfer funds to another account. Even though the victim is unaware that these funds have been stolen by cyber criminals, receiving and directing the stolen funds is a crime that can lead to federal charges.
Do not give out your social security number or bank account information before verifying that a potential employer is legitimate. Legitimate employers will give you the option of using direct deposit, but they won’t demand that you use it as a method of payment. Before providing any bank account information to set up direct deposit, make sure to thoroughly research a company and complete new hire paperwork. It’s also best to meet the employer in person first.
And once again, don’t trust employers who ask you to deposit funds in your own bank account and then then wire these funds elsewhere.
Hidden fee scams
You’re offered a fantastic job, if you’ll only just cover a few expenses first: a certification, recruitment, or background-check fee, or perhaps payment for training materials, work visas, and/or travel expenses. Once you pay up, however, you never hear from the “employer” again.
“If you have to pay for the promise, it’s likely a scam. The promise of a job isn’t the same thing as a job,” the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) advises. For example, you should never pay a potential employer to run a credit report (credit reports can be obtained for free). Scammers are also especially likely to target people who need a visa to to work abroad.
Identity theft scams
Fake employers might tell you that before offering you a job, they’ll need your social security number, driver’s license, or bank account details in order to check your credit score. (Again, there are multiple free credit report services that you can access yourself!) Scammers can use this information to open credit cards in your name and run up massive debts.
Do not give out your social security number or bank account information before verifying that a potential employer is legitimate. When you feel confident about completing a job application that includes your social security number or other private information, it’s best to do so in-person at a company’s office.
What to Do If You’ve Been a Victim
If you suspect that you’ve been the victim of identity theft, be sure to place a security alert with each of the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion).
In addition, please report any scams to the following agencies: